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GENERAL INFORMATION

Flag
Green with a large yellow diamond in the center bearing a blue celestial globe with 27 white five-pointed stars (each representing a state of Brazil and the federal district) arranged in the same pattern as the night sky over Brazil; the globe has a white equatorial band with the motto ORDEM E PROGRESSO (Order and Progress).

Location
Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Occupies most of eastern-central part of South America. Four different time zones.

Surface Area
Largest South American country with 3.282.226 sq/m (approximately same size as the USA). Covers 21% of the Americas and 47% of South America. The Amazon region covers 1.9 million sq. m., 60% of Brazils total area.

Frontiers
Brazil shares common boundaries with every South American country except Chile and Ecuador.

Currency
Real (R$)

Temperatures
In most of Brazil the climate is tropical with temperatures rarely under 18C. In Rio de Janeiro, summer temperatures can reach the 40C. In São Paulo, winter temperatures can fall to under 10C. Snow occasionally falls in the southern states of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul, when below freezing temperatures are recorded. In São Paulo and Rio, summer rainstorms often lead to extensive flooding.

Natural resources
Iron ore, manganese, bauxite, nickel, uranium, phosphates, tin, hydropower, gold, platinum, petroleum, timber.

Government
Presidentialist Republic






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